The proposed model for m-learning adoption is shown in “Figure 1”. In m-learning environment, the communication infrastructure (shown by dashed lines) contains wireless access points which enable communication between the mobile devices. In the proposed model, mobile devices are used for learner support enabling learner-to-learner communication as well as learner-to-teacher communication.
Fig1M-Learning A Perspective
Figure 1 : M-learning adoption model
The different components of the proposed model are the following:


The stakeholders identifies in the proposed model (represented as ellipses) include learners, their parents, teachers, system designers, device vendors, and support staff. The designers of the system that execute on the devices, the vendors that sell the devices, and the parents of the learners involved all occur outside the m-learning environment. The system designers include both software and hardware manufacturers.

Teachers, learners, and support staff are found in a learning institution within the m-learning environment where the support staff would be involved in day-to-day support and maintenance of the m-learning system. Teachers and learners are the beneficiaries of the m-learning system, as they are the actual users of the system. Teachers and learners communicate via traditional learning activities through mobile devices. Learners and parents communicate after hours, and teachers communicate with parents about the progress of the learner.

Critical Success Factor

Critical success factors are the collaborative learning component that determines the performance measurement of m-learning. The factors such as interactivity, coordination negotiation and communication, organization of material and mobility are included in this.

Interactivity refers to the amount of interaction between learner using mobile devices. Coordination refers to the use of mobile devices encouraging active participation by all learners and a need to coordinate activities. Communication implies that the communication between learner, and the teacher. Mobility refers to the portability of the devices and the extent to which they enable the mobility of the learners. Apart from this in the proposed model motivation and collaboration are also included. Motivation refers to encouraging the learner and collaboration refers collaboration between the learner and the teacher. The proposed model emphasizes the key issues of m-learning and also the critical success factors required for successful adoption of the system.

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