THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON PRIMARY EDUCATION IN BANGLADESH(3)

EDUCATION IN BANGLADESH(3)

Globalization is a modern phenomenon. It is ‘a process (or set of processes) which embodies a transformation in the spatial organization of social relations and transactions – assessed in terms of their extensity, intensity, velocity and impact – generating transcontinental or interregional flows and networks of activity, interaction and the exercise of power’ (Held et al., 1999, p. 16). It means that globalization does not indicate an unique form of impact but its influence vary in the form of extensity, intensity, velocity and impact using the forms of ‘flows’, ‘networks’ and ‘interaction’. Usher and Edwards (1995) argued that globalization portends the demise of national education and the national education system. It also argues the emergence of a borderless world (Ohmae, 1990). Although both Usher and Edwards have described globalization in a broad sense but have identified global education in a narrow sense. In this point of view, he has more specifically emphasized on local and traditional, social and cultural education system.

However, the extensive view of globalization means the internationalization process of communication that had begun during the colonial period. More generally, globalization does not only mean global economy but it has comprehensive and innovatory consequences in the field of political and cultural arena. In the age of globalization, education is regarded as one of the most effective remaining instruments of national policy. On the other hand, it turns into gradually important for national economic competitiveness in a global market.

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